The population of Arunachal is 10,97,968 as per census figure of 2001 and is scattered over 16 districts and 3649 villages. The state is inhabited by the world’s largest variety of ethnic tribal groups and subgroups numbering over a hundred and each tribe speaking their own-language and dialect. Their diverse and unique rich culture and traditional heritage constitute arts and crafts, fares and festivals, social structure, folklores in the form of songs and dances that still remain fresh and well-preserved in this state. To maintain their livelihood people in rural areas chiefly practice diverse trade and profession including Jhum and Wet rice cultivation, horticulture, fish farming, carpet making, wood curving, breeding of Mithun, Yak, Sheep and other livestock.
The people in urban places comprise of educated and semi educated Arunachalees, most of them in government employment, social workers, contractors, town dwellers and traders. The blend of diverse culture and religion give ample scope for the people of Arunachal Pradesh to flourish in many respect. The State of Arunachal Pradesh represents a true mini India.